Open Educational Resources in K-12 Schools - Market Research, Industry Trends, Market Share

Published: 01/01/2019
Pages: 81
Full Study Price: US$ 1,995

What Are Open Educational Resources?

Open educational resources have been available for use in K-12 schools for two decades, but they have not taken hold in mainstream fashion until relatively recently. Progress has been much faster in the college market.

That said, there has been a spike in interest and adoption in recent years, especially since the launch of the federal #GoOpen program in 2015 under the Obama administration.

The Free Software Foundation is credited with creating the first OER materials back in 1985. One of the first OER collections released to the public came from MIT, which offered almost all of its courses online for free and has since launched a high school site to assist teachers in tailoring the content to that age cohort. UNESCO first used the term open educational resources in 2002.

Open educational resources are learning materials that anyone can use, adapt, and share, all under an open license. They are often free or very low cost, but this is not a requirement. In addition, even when the materials themselves are available at no cost, necessary and complementary products and services, such as printing, professional development, and ancillaries, often come at a price. There are also significant costs associated with human resources.

Open educational resources are not copyright-free or in the public domain. Nor are they marketed under a traditional closed copyright where all rights are reserved to the owner, who must grant permission for any sort of use. An open license resides between these two ends of the spectrum. While not public domain, OER materials fall under what is sometimes called a “5R permissions” umbrella: they can be retained, reused, revised, remixed, and redistributed, as long as the original is recognized and proper attribution given.

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Table Of Contents

  • Methodology
  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction & Overview
    • What Are Open Educational Resources
      • Table Six Forms of Creative Commons Licenses
    • What Is Driving Adoption of Open Educational Resources
      • Fit with Current Educational Trends
        • Table Why Schools Turn to OER, 2018-2019
      • Currency
      • Federal Policies
        • Table #GoOpen Campaign States
      • State Support
      • Financial Drivers
      • Redirection of Savings
      • Improvements in Availability and Quality
      • Easier Access
  • OER Use and Spending
    • OER Usage: A Survey Approach
      • Table OER Use, A Snapshot
      • Market Leaders See Growth
      • Usage Varies by District
        • Table District Approaches to Using OER
      • OER USE by Subject
      • Grade-Level Use
      • Core or Supplemental
      • Adaptation and Collaboration
      • OER Sits Alongside Traditional Textbooks
      • OER Finding and Vetting Responsibility
    • Spending on OER
      • Table Key Cost Areas with OER
      • Sources of Funding
        • Table Examples of OER Funding
      • Impact on Commercial Publishers and Vendors
  • Challenges to OER Growth
    • Educator Unfamiliarity and Resistance
    • Finding and Assessing Quality Materials
      • Role for Commercial Publishers, Providers
    • Technology and Infrastructure
    • Other Challenges
      • Table Challenges Associated with OER (ranked in descending importance)
  • Market Landscape
    • Who Provides OER?
      • Table Examples of OER Providers
      • Nonprofit Groups, Associations, and OER Specialists
        • Table Examples of OER movers in the Association/Non-Profit Segment
      • Universities, States, and Districts
      • Commercial Publishers
      • Districts Rely on Multiple Providers
    • Key Players
      • Big History Project
      • CK-12 Foundation
      • Curriki
      • EL Education
      • Great Minds
      • Khan Academy
      • Knovation
      • LearnZillion
      • MIT OpenCourseWare (OCW) Project
      • OER Commons/ISKME
      • OpenStax
      • Open Up Resources
      • UnboundEd
  • The Future of OER
    • Challenges Remain
    • Good Experiences, High Interest Predict Growth Ahead
    • Best Practices for OER Implementation
      • Develop a Plan
      • Educate About Open Licensing
      • A Better Path
      • Professional Learning
      • Collaboration
      • Sufficient Infrastructure
      • High Quality Materials
      • Plan for the Future
  • Case Studies
    • States
      • Washington
      • Utah
      • Louisiana
    • Districts
      • Cedar Rapids, IA
      • Loudon County, VA
      • Anne Arundel, MD
      • Nampa, ID
      • Wayland Union, MI
    • OER Initiatives
      • Michigan Open Book Project
      • OpenSciEd