PreK-12 Policy & Budget Outlook, 2020-2021

Published: March 1, 2020 - 42 Pages

Table of Contents

  • Introduction
  • Education Funding History
  • Education and the 2020 Election
    • Meanwhile, the ESSA Era Advances
      • Flexibility Options Continue
  • Federal Funding Rises
    • Table Education Department Appropriations, FY2018-FY2020 (selected K-12, $ in millions)
  • Title I's 50 Largest Allocations
    • Table 50 Largest Title I Allocations to LEAs, FY2018 ($ in thousands)
  • Federal Fiscal 2021 Funding TBD
    • What ESED Block Grants Would Consolidate
    • Some Separate Budget Lines
    • Career and Technical Education
  • E-Rate Supports Classroom Connectivity
    • Table Impact of E-Rate, 2019
    • E-Rate Rules Updated
    • Impact of E-Rate for Schools and Students
  • Trends Winning Federal & State Support
    • Promoting the Switch to Digital
      • Table States with Digital Learning Plans
      • Table Defining Digital Resources
    • Struggle for Literacy Gains Continues
    • Rising Interest in Computer Science
      • States Address Computer Science
      • New York City has Local Initiative
    • Social and Emotional Learning Rises
    • Career and Technical Education Booms
    • Cybersecurity and Student Data Privacy
  • State Education Funding Overview
    • Table Per Pupil Funding by State, FY 2017
    • Factors Impacting State Education Funding
    • Inequities in District-Level Funding
      • Table 20 Largest School Districts & Per-Pupil Spending, FY2017
  • Fiscal 2020 Budgets Support K-12
    • Table Select States with Approved FY2020 K-12 Funding Increases in Budget
  • Common Aims in Fiscal 2021 Budgets V.1
    • California
    • Florida
    • New York
    • Illinois
    • Pennsylvania
    • Georgia
    • Michigan


PreK-12 Policy & Budget Outlook, 2020-2021

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PreK-12 Policy & Budget Outlook, 2020-2021 provides information and analysis on K-12 funding and policy in the U.S. The report includes the most recent information available on federal funding allocated and proposed for fiscal years 2020 and 2021. There also is data on education dollars provided by the states, including per-pupil funding.

The report provides information on education policy at the federal and state levels. Education plans put forward by 2020 presidential candidates, the ongoing impact of the Every Student Succeeds Act and state-level activities, are detailed.

Trends covered include the evolution to digital curriculum; the rising interest in STEM, including computer science; the boom in career and technical education; the renewed interest in literacy instruction; the growth of social and emotional learning and the need to address cybersecurity and student data privacy. 

The report examines the direction states and the federal government were heading before the COVID-19 outbreak in terms of education policy and spending on school and serves as a framework that the states and federal government hope to work through during the crisis and afterwards in the recovery. 
Included in the report is a look at digital initiatives that already were under way that now can be helpful as districts increase remote learning during the COVID-19 crisis.

A main source of the data is the U.S. Department of Education with additional information from state education departments and state government websites. Other sources tapped for information include Child Trends,, the EducationSuperHighway, the Education Commission of the States, the Education Law Center, ETIN/SIIA, the Education Trust, Funds for Learning, the National Association of State Budget Officers, the Pew Charitable Trusts, RealClear Opinion, the State Educational Technology Directors Association and the U.S. Census Bureau.

The information and analysis contained in PreK-12 Policy & Budget Outlook, 2020-2021 is intended to help developers and marketers of instructional technology, educational content and school services learn more about the current state of K-12 policy and funding, so they can sharpen their planning. Funding and the policies that drive its allocation are important considerations for providers of instructional materials, classroom technology and educational services to consider as they market current products and develop future offerings.

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